Nigel Fielding

in Community Policing

Published in print November 1995 | ISBN: 9780198260271
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191682087 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Studies in Criminology


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The general view of community constables is that social service and the presentation of a friendly image are central to their role and that this is at the expense of their involvement in crime control. This impression is widespread among officers on reliefs and common among academics. Yet there are reasons to argue that this is an over-generalization. An analysis based simply on records of activities may miss the intention behind the activities. In describing tactics, goals are as important to identify as the means employed. Goals relate to the strategy, or grand design, which may be brought about by means of tactics. In Schutzian phenomenology, adequate accounts of human action require a grasp of actors' plausible goals, which bring different elements of their knowledge into play so as to activate means of achieving goals. Analytic schema to account for action are formulated on this basis. This chapter argues that when we examine police tactics we thus need to maintain an awareness of motives.

Keywords: social service; community constables; image; crime control

Chapter.  11081 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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