Arundel 404 (Liber de Infantia Salvatoris)

J. K. Elliott

in The Apocryphal New Testament

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780198261827
Published online April 2009 |
Arundel 404 (Liber de Infantia Salvatoris)

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This text (British Library Arundel 404) is one of two medieval Latin infancy gospels published originally by M. R. James, Latin Infancy Gospels (Cambridge, 1927). The other, in the chapter library of Hereford Cathedral, is also printed there in full, as the Hereford Manuscript. The Hereford manuscript attributes authorship to James, Arundel 404 to Matthew (cf. the similar confusion with Pseudo‐Matthew). The Gospel in these two alternative forms is yet another derived ultimately from the earlier apocryphal infancy stories, the Protevangelium of James (= PJ), Pseudo‐Matthew, and the Gospel of the Birth of Mary. It is another possible descendant of the long‐lost Latin translation of PJ, but we cannot be certain how far the material in Arundel 404 common to PJ came from PJ directly or whether it reached Arundel 404 from Pseudo‐Matthew.1 But the version found here in Arundel 404 (a smoother version of the Hereford manuscript) gives a Latin rendering hitherto unknown. (The Liber de Infantia in Thilo and Tischendorf is a different work (now known as Pseudo‐Matthew).) James is of the opinion (Latin Infancy Gospels, p. xiii) that in the Gelasian Decree the Liber de nativitate Salvatoris et de Maria vel obstetrice may refer to the text known in the Arundel manuscript. (Here he differs from the view expressed in ANT, p. 22, that this title in the Decree could refer to Pseudo‐Matthew or PJ.)

Chapter.  1092 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies ; Biblical Studies

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