Second-Generation Peacekeeping

Rosalyn Higgins Dbe Qc

in Themes and Theories

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780198262350
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191682322 | DOI:
Second-Generation Peacekeeping

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What today we may call ‘classic peacekeeping’ stemmed from the inability of the United Nations (UN) Security Council to put in place the collective security system of Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Two key elements characterise the so-called second-generation peacekeeping operations. The first is that they have mandates ‘well beyond the simple idea of interposition of troops between opposing forces’. The second is that ‘the time has come for Chapter VIII’. But there is a hidden third factor which is essential to our understanding of what is happening to second-generation peacekeeping. It is that states had a window of opportunity, after the Gulf War, to reactivate the UN Charter ideal of collective security by putting in place an enforcement capacity. But they turned away, knowingly, from doing so. We now see peacekeeping activities that seek to mask that unpalatable reality.

Keywords: United Nations Security Council; peacekeeping; UN Charter; Chapter VII; collective security; enforcement; Gulf War

Chapter.  2579 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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