Chapter

The International Court of Justice and Africa<sup>†</sup><sup>*</sup>

Rosalyn Higgins Dbe Qc

in Themes and Theories

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780198262350
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191682322 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262350.003.0078
The International Court of Justice and Africa†*

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The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has been favoured with judges from Africa. Two have attained the presidency. In 1981, Judge Elias became the first African president of the ICJ. It was during his period at the Court that it saw some of the leading law of the sea cases. Judge Mohammed Bedjaoui himself, at the time this chapter was written, is the immediate past president of the Court. His writings in the field of the international law of development are known as pioneer works. In its original composition, as of April 6, 1946, there was only one African judge out of the total bench of fifteen judges — Judge Badawi Pacha of Egypt. Judges from Nigeria, South Africa, Cameroon, Egypt, and Ivory Coast have also been elected to the ECJ. The jurisdiction of the Court is based on consent, which may in fact be expressed in several ways: Optional Clause, multilateral treaties, and bilateral treaties.

Keywords: International Court of Justice; judges; Africa; Mohammed Bedjaoui; law of the sea; international development; Badawi Pacha; treaties; consent; Optional Clause

Chapter.  11261 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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