Jewish Law during the Second Temple Period<sup>*</sup>

Daniela Piattelli and Bernard S. Jackson

in An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198262626
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191682360 | DOI:
Jewish Law during the Second Temple Period*

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The Second Temple period covers the legal system from the period in which the Judaean community under Nehemia and Ezra were able to restore the operations of various institutions that were authorized by the Persians, to the downfall of the initial revolt against Rome in 70 C.E. and the destruction of the Temple. This chapter demonstrates how this period underwent a wide range of approaches, since cultural environments varied greatly between the Palestine and Hellenized communities of Egypt; between the Palestines and the Pharisees, Sadducees, and other entities who seeked to achieve Jewish political hegemony; and between those who attempted to veer away from the then dominant rule in Jerusalem. As the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls played no small part in determining the legal developments in this period, this chapter shows that the law could be defined by the following approaches: Second Commonwealth halakhah; a pluralistic and historical approach; and the positivistic approach, which looks into the rise of formal institutional sources.

Keywords: Second Temple period; Palestines; Dead Sea Scrolls; Pharisees; Second Commonwealth halakhah; Sadducees; historical approach; positivistic approach; institutional sources

Chapter.  16430 words. 

Subjects: History of Law

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