The Roman authorities were able to gain power over a huge part of the Mediterranean lands, including Palestine or what was then known as the ‘Land of Israel’. Despite the rule, however, these authorities granted the Jews with some degree of power, since the Jews were allowed to impose a civil law to serve as a binding law amongst themselves. This chapter explores how the Romans gave much importance to jurisdiction, since this varied with situation. There were two main kinds of jurisdictions: the public jurisdiction, which mainly concerned criminal law; and the civil jurisdiction, which dealt with matters of private law, specifically that of property law, contract law, family law, and the like. This chapter looks into the need to differentiate and determine which system was to be imposed over the Jews, and how the Romans were able to manage such power even after giving the Jews a certain degree of legal authority.
Keywords: Roman authorities; Palestine; Israel; civil law; Jews; public jurisdiction; criminal law; civil jurisdiction; private law; legal authority
Chapter. 11634 words.
Subjects: History of Law
Full text: subscription required