Chapter

Judicial Salaries from the 1940s to the 1980s

Robert Stevens

in The Independence of the Judiciary

Published in print March 1997 | ISBN: 9780198262633
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191682377 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262633.003.0008
Judicial Salaries from the 1940s to the 1980s

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The issue of judicial salaries, especially before the passage of the Administration of Justice Act, 1973 — which provided an extra-parliamentary method of raising High Court salaries — highlighted the relationship between legislature, executive, and judiciary. To the judges, fiscal independence was an integral part of judicial independence. High Court salaries had been set at £5,000 in 1832, while the County Court salaries had been raised to £2,000 in 1937. During the Second World War, Viscount Simon, Churchill's Lord Chancellor, suggested an increase in High Court salaries to £7,000. The issue was raised in November 1944; and by February 1945, Simon was pressing Sir John Anderson, Chancellor of the Exchequer, for an answer before everyone's energy was absorbed by the Yalta Conference.

Keywords: judicial salaries; legislature; executive; judiciary; High Court salaries; Lord Chancellor

Chapter.  11163 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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