Chapter

Origin and Development

David Young

in F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

Published in print October 1992 | ISBN: 9780198263395
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191682520 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.003.0002
Origin and Development

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This chapter discusses the origin and development of Unitarianism during the eighteenth century. Unitarianism was created in the latter part of the eighteenth century by the coming together of those English Presbyterian congregations which had not been seriously influenced by Evangelicalism and disaffected Anglicans who looked in vain for relief from subscription. In this chapter, the impact of the rationalization of John Locke, Isaac Newton, and the Latitudinarians on the formation and establishment of Unitarianism is analyzed along with the influences of the dissenting academies. The eighteenth century paved the way for human reasoning wherein the Christian revelation was compounded by religious insights based on rationalism. However, behind this lay the teachings of the seventeenth-century Latitudinarians and the seminal thinkers known as the Cambridge Platonists.

Keywords: Unitarianism; English Presbyterians; John Locke; Isaac Newton; Latitudinarians; academies; rationalism; Cambridge Platonists

Chapter.  9745 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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