Chapter

Redating the Fragment

Geoffrey Mark Hahneman

in The Muratorian Fragment and the Development of the Canon

Published in print October 1992 | ISBN: 9780198263418
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191682537 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263418.003.0007

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs

Redating the Fragment

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There is clearly a strong case for proposing that the Fragment is an Eastern list of New Testament works originating from the fourth century. This provenance is supported by many details. Eusebius appears to be the individual within the history of the Canon who developed and prompted New Testament catalogues, and thus the Fragment most probably derives from some time after Eusebius. Several remarkable parallels with Epiphanius would seem to confirm a Syrian/Palestinian provenance around 375 for the Fragment, specifically the inclusion of the Wisdom of Solomon in a New Testament catalogue, the mention of a Marcionite Laodiceans and the presence of Revelation without comment. These, combined with the public reading of the Revelation of Peter noted in the Fragment and Sozomen, and various similarities with Jerome (392), seem to confirm that the Muratorian Fragment is not a Western late second-century document, but is instead a late fourth-century Eastern catalogue.

Keywords: Muratorian Fragment; New Testament; Eusebius; fourth century; Epiphanius; Wisdom of Solomon; Revelation; Sozomen; Marcionite; Laodiceans

Chapter.  1406 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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