By modifying Jakobson's insights on split reference and by transporting Frege's notions of sense and reference, Ricœur has fashioned an account of metaphorical reference to meet the anti-referential challenges instigated by certain forms of English literary criticism. While a certain ambivalence exists between the first- and second-order reference, and that this is not quite right about Ricœur's account of metaphor, it is not extreme enough to cause one to abandon his account completely because it is beyond repair. Since Ricœur's study of narrative and its functions are logical extensions of his investigation of metaphor and its function, it is anticipated that some of the same problems recur while remaining alert to the ways in which his analysis of time might rearrange the problematic of reference. Also discussed in here are the ambiguities of split reference; redescription and the genuinely new; and residual positivism and the literal–metaphorical distinction.
Keywords: Jakobson; split reference; Frege; sense; metaphorical reference; narrative; positivism
Chapter. 15120 words.
Subjects: Christian Theology
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