God and the Contingent Universe

Thomas F. Torrance

in Divine and Contingent Order

Published in print July 1981 | ISBN: 9780198266587
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683053 | DOI:
God and the Contingent Universe

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The basic problem in the relations between theological science and natural science has to do with a deep paradox at the heart of natural science itself. The understanding of the contingent nature of the cosmos, upon which all empirico-theoretical inquiry rests, derives not from natural science but from Judaeo–Christian theology, i.e., from logical reasoning. The paradox may be succinctly formulated in terms of two classical statements of Reformed theology: nothing can be established about contingence except through divine revelation, and, divine creation requires one to investigate the contingent world out of its own natural processes alone, without including God in the given. This chapter takes a closer look at the idea of contingence as it derives from Christian theology, and examines in some detail the reactions of natural science to it.

Keywords: natural science; theological science; contingence; universe; Christian theology; Judaeo–Christian theology

Chapter.  13862 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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