Chapter

Conclusion

David A. Weir

in The Origins of the Federal Theology in Sixteenth-Century Reformation Thought

Published in print March 1990 | ISBN: 9780198266907
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683107 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266907.003.0007
Conclusion

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The overwhelming predominance of the federal theology in Puritan thinking and Puritanism's emphasis on duty must have something to do with the ‘Puritan-Presbyterian character’, with its emphasis upon diligence, duty, and discipline. However, the seeds of the federal theology are not to be found in ethics or morals; it only affected these areas. Its origin and rise must be seen within the context of the flow of the history of Reformed theology in the 16th and 17th centuries. Two questions plagued the Reformed Churches of Europe and later of New England: the question of predestination and the question of the sacraments. It is out of the questions concerning predestination that the federal theology flowed, for one of the great themes of the 16th-century intellectual thought is that of theodicy.

Keywords: federal theology; Puritanism; Reformed theology; predestination; sacraments; theodicy; diligence; duty; discipline

Chapter.  2894 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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