Chapter

The ʽ<i>Ashīra Muḥammadiyya</i> and the <i>Muḥammadiyya Shādhiliyya</i> Order

Julian Johansen

in Sufism and Islamic Reform in Egypt

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198267577
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683305 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267577.003.0003

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

The ʽAshīra Muḥammadiyya and the Muḥammadiyya Shādhiliyya Order

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To set this religious discourse against a background of contemporary religious practice in Egypt, one organization on which to focus the study has been chosen. The 'Ashīra Muṭammadiyya is a substantial group with its headquarters in Cairo and branches all over the country. It is also an informal grouping of non-initiates, who show their commitment to the organization by attending the Friday Prayer in one of its mosques, or by enjoying the twice-weekly open lecture and congregational invocation given at the main mosque in Qaytbay. Within the general, membership-by-attendance grouping is a core of initiates. These make up the membership of the Muṭammadiyya Shādhiliyya Sūfī Order. A short overview of the life of Sheikh Muṭammad is given. Topics covered include the formation of the ṭarīqa and the transfer of authority, Sheikh Maṭmud Abū 'Ilyān al-Shādhilī, Sheikh Ibrāhīm Ibn al-Khalīl al-shādhilī, the building of reputation, and fame and virtue.

Keywords: 'Ashīra Muṭammadiyya; Muṭammadiyya Shādhiliyya; Cairo; Friday Prayer; Qaytbay; ṭarīqa; authority; reputation

Chapter.  10569 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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