Chapter

The ʽ<i>Ashāra</i> and the <i>Ṭariqa,</i> in Public and Private

Julian Johansen

in Sufism and Islamic Reform in Egypt

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198267577
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683305 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267577.003.0004

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

The ʽAshāra and the Ṭariqa, in Public and Private

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This chapter explores the contrast between the 'Ashīra as the publicly visible ‘face’ of the Order and the Ṭarīqa itself. This is to demonstrate the ways in which the Order is presented to the public, and to clarify the relationship between the initiatic and associational elements of its membership. The appeal of the Ṭarīqa is broadened, defined only as an Order of the Shādhilī way. This alteration of emphasis is taken a step further by the formation of the 'Ashīra Muṭammadiyya. By stressing the way of the Prophet over that of the Sūfī Sheikhs of subsequent generations, the organization's links of identity have been extended as far as human transmission allows. The conference for the implementation of Sharī'a and the local projects and social services are specifically discussed.

Keywords: 'Ashīra Muṭammadiyya; Ṭarīqa; Order; Prophet; Sūfī Sheikhs; Sharī'a

Chapter.  4520 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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