Chapter

<i>Faith and Reason: A Problem in Navigation</i>

Basil Mitchell

in Faith and Criticism

Published in print January 1995 | ISBN: 9780198267584
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683312 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267584.003.0004
Faith and Reason: A Problem in Navigation

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The dilemma in which Christian faith is said to be involved between the need for whole-hearted conviction and the requirements of rational criticism is not unique, but applies to any reflective philosophy of life. Instead of the sharp dichotomy between science and religious faith which is said to generate the dilemma, what we actually find is a continuum in which elements of faith and criticism are found at each stage. Although faith seeks salvation as well as, and more importantly than, explanation, it can achieve that goal only if its account of what the world is like and how it came to be like that is defensible. The attempt that is often made to disjoin faith entirely from reason leaves the purely practical choices that are then left to us to be made in a sort of conceptual void in which no guidance can be given as to what goals are to be pursued and how or why. This chapter looks at the views of David Hume and Immanuel Kant regarding faith and reason.

Keywords: David Hume; Immanuel Kant; reason; faith; criticism; science; salvation

Chapter.  5928 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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