Chapter

Collective Security: Sharing Responsibility and Burdens

Thomas M. Franck

in Fairness in International Law and Institutions

Published in print January 1998 | ISBN: 9780198267850
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191683398 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267850.003.0009
Collective Security: Sharing Responsibility and Burdens

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The United Nations Security Council has jurisdiction to deal with breaches of and threats to the peace and against acts of aggression. While Article 3 establishes a normative ‘trip-wire’ which ‘triggers’ the authority of the Council to intervene, the Council's actual practice illustrates the kinds of circumstances which have set off that alarm-and-response system. The range of responses devised by the Council to discharge its ‘primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security’ includes the resort to diplomatic mediation, economic and other sanctions, and as a last resort, collective military enforcement. The Council also appears to have determined that it may establish an international tribunal to try persons who act in such a way as to cause a breach, or to threaten a breach, of the peace. All this is a vast increase in the authority of the Council. This chapter discusses a state's right to use force in self-defense, the UN's collective use of force, its peacekeeping and peacemaking operations, and regional use of force.

Keywords: United Nations Security Council; security; use of force; peacekeeping; peacemaking; peace; sanctions

Chapter.  15534 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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