Chapter

Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Eastern Orthodox, and Other Churches in America (1860–1920)

Robert T. Handy

in A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada

Published in print January 1976 | ISBN: 9780198269106
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683572 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269106.003.0011

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Eastern Orthodox, and Other Churches in America (1860–1920)

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The realities of war, the patterns of immigration and migration, the growth of giant cities and industries, and the ferment of intellectual revolution in the period from 1800 to 1920 influenced not only the denominations of the British Protestant background, but also strongly affected churches of other traditions. The expansion and crisis as well as the struggle for unity of Roman Catholicism are illustrated. The chapter also shows the diversity and unity of Lutheranism in America. It then emphasizes the Eastern Orthodoxy in the Western World. Some old and new smaller denominations and non-Christian religions are reported as well.

Keywords: Roman Catholicism; Lutheranism; Eastern Orthodox; America; non-Christian religions; denominations

Chapter.  13561 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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