Chapter

The Evangelical Foundations: St Aidan’s, Birkenhead and St John’s, Highbury

David Dowland

in Nineteenth-Century Anglican Theological Training

Published in print September 1997 | ISBN: 9780198269298
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683589 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269298.003.0016

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs

The Evangelical Foundations: St Aidan’s, Birkenhead and St John’s, Highbury

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This chapter discusses the college of St Aidan, a college founded by the Protestant Joseph Baylee and which met many criticisms due to its assumed puritan and partisan management. In 1869, the St Aidan's College was reopened with a new Council which placed it on moderately but still strongly Evangelical lines. There was a shift in the management in 1891, but due to the increasing fears for the state of the College, St Aidan was given to Tait, a Cambridge graduate who established it as a Protestant college. The chapter also discusses the college of St John's, Highbury, opened by Evangelicals in an attempt to remedy the apparently High-Church domination of theological education in new Cathedral colleges and in Oxford. This new institution was characterized by its strictly Protestant and Evangelical views and membership. These two Evangelical colleges created a social composition wherein non-graduates of the suburban middle classes were accepted in the Colleges. The two colleges also pioneered Church methods and ideals which was significant in the increasingly industrial world. Although these marginal colleges were allied with powerful social trends, they remained unfashionable for the decades to come.

Keywords: St Aidan's; Joseph Baylee; St John's; Highbury; Evangelical; Protestant; middle classes; Evangelical colleges

Chapter.  16473 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Christianity

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