Process Thinking and Collectivist Environmental Ethics

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print March 1998 | ISBN: 9780198269526
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683664 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs

Process Thinking and Collectivist Environmental Ethics

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Contrary to the individualist approaches that were discussed in the previous chapters, some environmental ethicists have considered a collectivist approach. The two different approaches are not necessarily exclusive as there have been attempts to reconcile these, but these approaches are not without undeniable tensions. Since collectivist approaches attempt to achieve the good of the whole, they tend to be consequentialist. There are, however, several ways of determining the scale of the whole and what comprises the good for such a whole. Different philosophers have suggested several scales and putative goods that are influenced by the various uses of both Darwinian evolution and scientific ecology. In this chapter, we focus on the approaches advocated by Aldo Leopold and J. Baird Callicott.

Keywords: individualist approaches; collectivist approaches; Darwinian evolution; scientific ecology; Aldo Leopold; J. Baird Callicott

Chapter.  18467 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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