This chapter discusses the two issues debated upon at Oxford regarding the church's place in the university and the university's role in society. It also discusses the two other issues of great moment for English religion, which were beginning to take a salient place in intellectual life during Hicks's time at the university; the development of methods of historical study, with all they implied for the understanding of Christian origins, and the developing social conscience among the middle and upper classes. It describes Hicks's work with Charles Newton and his friendship with Ruskin. It notes that the scientific spirit of the age expressed itself within historical studies in a fresh examination of known facts and documents, and archaeology began to reveal fresh evidence bearing on the history and religion of cultures which contributed to western civilization. It further notes that that development inevitably affected biblical and theological studies.
Keywords: Oxford; English religion; methods of historical study; Christian origins; social conscience; Charles Newton; Ruskin; archaeology; western civilization; biblical and theological studies
Chapter. 8334 words.
Subjects: History of Christianity
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