Chapter

The Perfect System

T. V. Evans

in Verbal Syntax in the Greek Pentateuch

Published in print March 2001 | ISBN: 9780198270102
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191683909 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270102.003.0006
The Perfect System

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This chapter establishes what evidence the Greek Pentateuch has to offer for the function of the perfect system. It shows that the choice of the perfect forms in these documents is largely free from Hebrew interference. These forms provide an important sample of early Koine usage, as it relates to Classical usage on the one hand, to that of the later Koine period on the other. The perfect system in the Pentateuch is free of formal interference from the underlying Hebrew. Lexical interference affects only the perfect participle, and is limited to the issue of frequency. The Greek verbal adjectives are in general vulnerable to such influence, through use as characteristic translation equivalents of common Hebrew expressions. This yields distortion of comparative frequencies among the tense forms of the participle.

Keywords: Greek Pentateuch; perfect tense system; Hebrew interference; Koine usage

Chapter.  11422 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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