Chapter

Struggles over Influx Control Legislation

Deborah Posel

in The Making of Apartheid 1948–1961

Published in print December 1991 | ISBN: 9780198273349
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191684036 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273349.003.0004

Series: Oxford Studies in African Affairs

Struggles over Influx Control Legislation

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The legislative foundations of the influx control policy during the first phase of Apartheid were laid during the Nationalist government's first term of office, between 1948 and 1953. This chapter examines the substance and passage of the Native Laws Amendment Bill and the Urban Areas Amendment Bill. It considers the relationship between the 1952 influx control legislation and each of the twin prongs of the Native Affairs Department's influx control strategy — the labour canalisation programme and the plan to curb African urbanisation — in turn. In each case, it is shown that the political powers of various capitalist interest, African resistance, and white parliamentary opposition to the Nationalist Party, played major roles in determining the extent to which the NAD's objectives gained the status of law.

Keywords: influx control policy; first phase; Apartheid; Nationalist government; Native Laws Amendment Bill; Urban Areas Amendment Bill; Native Affairs Department; labour canalisation programme; Nationalist Party

Chapter.  9518 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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