Introduction: Goals and Methods

Arend Lijphart

in Electoral Systems and Party Systems

Published in print January 1994 | ISBN: 9780198273479
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191684050 | DOI:

Series: Comparative European Politics

Introduction: Goals and Methods

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This introductory chapter explains the objective of this book, which is to analyse the operation and the political consequences of electoral systems, especially the degree of proportionality of their translation of votes into seats and their effects on party systems. Its focus is on the electoral systems that have been used in twenty-seven democratic countries from 1945 to 1990. These systems are those used in the majority of the free and democratic parliamentary elections ever conducted. The analyses employ two basic multivariate approaches, one is a comparable-cases strategy that focuses on within country variations and the other relies on a cross-sectional research design.

Keywords: electoral systems; votes; party systems; democratic countries; parliamentary elections; multivariate analysis; cross-sectional research

Chapter.  2884 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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