Electoral Systems: Types, Patterns, Trends

Arend Lijphart

in Electoral Systems and Party Systems

Published in print January 1994 | ISBN: 9780198273479
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191684050 | DOI:

Series: Comparative European Politics

Electoral Systems: Types, Patterns, Trends

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This chapter discusses the dimensions of the seventy electoral systems used in twenty-four countries that hold democratic and parliamentary elections. These dimensions are the district magnitude or the number of representatives elected in a district; the legal threshold; the electoral threshold or the minimum level of support that a political party needs to gain representation; and assembly size or the total number of seats in the legislature. The variables in the electoral system are the ballot structure, malapportionment, the difference between legislative elections in parliamentary and in presidential systems, and the possibility of linked lists.

Keywords: electoral systems; democratic elections; parliamentary elections; district magnitude; electoral threshold; assembly size; legal threshold

Chapter.  16182 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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