Disproportionality, Multipartism, and Majority Victories

Arend Lijphart

in Electoral Systems and Party Systems

Published in print January 1994 | ISBN: 9780198273479
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191684050 | DOI:

Series: Comparative European Politics

Disproportionality, Multipartism, and Majority Victories

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This chapter discusses the main political consequences of an electoral system. These are the effects of the electoral system on the proportionality and disproportionality of the electoral outcomes and their effects on the party system, especially the degree of multipartism and the tendency to generate majority victories. The chapter explains the different measures of disproportionality and suggests that the link between the party system as the independent variable and disproportionality as the dependent variable has an important implication for two of the four additional dimensions of electoral systems, which are presidentialism and ballot structure.

Keywords: electoral systems; political consequences; disproportionality; multiparty system; presidentialism; ballot structure; multipartism

Chapter.  6909 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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