Chapter

Bukharin and the New Economic Policy

Peter Ferdinand

in The Ideas of Nikolai Bukharin

Published in print June 1992 | ISBN: 9780198278665
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191684227 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278665.003.0003
Bukharin and the New Economic Policy

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This chapter describes Bukharin as an advocate and principal defender of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It also traces the developments of Bukharin's ideas on how to transform the Soviet Union into a modern socialist society. First, it considers the period from 1916 to May 1918, which can be characterized as one of radical anti-statism, when Bukharin placed much greater stress upon the role of the working masses in overthrowing the bourgeois state and all forms of statism. The second period, from June 1918 to 1920, revealed an increasing acceptance of the coercive role of the state in forcing social progress. The third, from 1921 to 1925, was marked by a high enthusiasm for society to carry out its own transformation, and for the state's role to be significantly restricted. The last period, from 1926 to 1928, showed a more positive view of the role of the state in planning the direction of social progress and in laying down many of the policies which were to be adopted in pursuit of them.

Keywords: Bukharin; New Economic Policy; NEP; Soviet Union; socialist society; anti-statism; bourgeois; statism

Chapter.  10741 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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