Book

Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

Edited by Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell and Andrea Belgrano

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780198507499
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191709845 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001
Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

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This book focuses on the influence of climate variability on the marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The ecological impact of climate variability on population dynamics is addressed at the full range of trophic levels, from phytoplankton through zooplankton and fish to marine birds. Climate effects on biodiversity and community structure are also examined. The book discusses what is currently known about how climate affects the ecological systems of the North Atlantic, and then places these insights within a broader ecological perspective. Many of the general features of the North Atlantic region are also seen in other marine ecosystems as well as terrestrial and freshwater systems. The final section of the book makes these generalities more explicit, so as to stimulate communication and promote co-operation amongst researchers who may previously have worked in semi-isolation. The book comprises five main sections: background (general introduction, atmospheric and ocean climate of the North Atlantic, and modelling methodology), plankton populations (phytoplankton and zooplankton), fish and seabird populations, community ecology (phytoplankton, benthos and fish), and the final section consisting of six commentaries from scientists working in areas outside the North Atlantic marine sector. In order to enhance integration, a series of introductions link chapters and sections. Throughout the book, numerous examples highlight different aspects of ecology-climate interactions. They document recent progress and illustrate the challenges of trying to understand ecological processes and patterns in the light of climate variations.

Keywords: North Atlantic; climate variability; population dynamics; biodiversity; community structures; plankton populations; community ecology

Book.  266 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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Table of Contents

Climate Variability Over the North Atlantic in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

Chapter

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Modelling Marine Ecosystems and Their Environmental Forcing in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

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Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

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Effects of Climate Variability on Benthic Communities in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

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Climatic Influences on Marine Fish Community Ecology in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

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