Chapter

Infectious disease

Rosie Woodroffe, Sarah Cleaveland, Orin Courtenay, M. Karen Laurenson and Marc Artois

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780198515562
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191705632 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0006
 Infectious disease

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This chapter examines the role of infectious disease in the conservation of wild canids. Canid diseases cause concern for two reasons. First, widespread species such as red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and coyotes (Canis latrans) may carry infections such as rabies, leishmaniasis, and hydatid disease that can be transmitted to people and livestock. Second, populations of threatened canids such as Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), and island foxes (Urocyon littoralis) may be at risk of extinction through the effects of virulent infections such as rabies and canine distemper, sometimes needing management to protect them from infection.

Keywords: wild canids; infectious diseases; conservation; rabies; zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis; extinction

Chapter.  11131 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

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