Chapter

Structuralist Semantics

Dirk Geeraerts

in Theories of Lexical Semantics

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780198700302
Published online February 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191706288 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700302.003.0002
Structuralist Semantics

Preview

The second chapter describes structuralist semantics. Taking its inspiration from De Saussure, structuralist semantics (from 1930 onwards) rejects the atomistic approach of historical‐philological semantics in favour of a systemic approach in which the distinctiveness of meanings with regard to each other is the basis of the semantic analysis. Different approaches within structuralist semantics include lexical field theory, relational semantics, and componential analysis.

Keywords: structuralism; lexical field; componential analysis; syntagmatic relations; paradigmatic relations; Jost Trier; Leo Weisgerber; John Lyons; Bernard Pottier; Eugenio Coseriu

Chapter.  23760 words.  Illustrated.

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