Chapter

Stereotype Threat and Persons

Ron Mallon

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print March 2016 | ISBN: 9780198713241
Published online May 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191781698 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0006
Stereotype Threat and Persons

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This chapter considers the phenomenon of “stereotype threat”: the perceived threat of confirming a deleterious stereotype about a group to which one belongs. While most work on stereotype threat interprets it as an implicit, automatic response to a social situation, I explore the possibility of understanding the phenomenon as an intentional, strategic response of persons to their situations. Explanations adverting to persons and their reasons are intimately bound up with our treating persons as persons, for example, in holding them to be reason-governed and responsible. I explore and articulate both personal and subpersonal interpretations of stereotype threat, and I suggest that subpersonal accounts of stereotype threat are incomplete: they fail to account for phenomena better explained by a personalist interpretation.

Keywords: stereotype threat; implicit attitudes; automatic; personal; subpersonal; bias

Chapter.  9943 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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