Chapter

The Rise of Provincial Fascism: Periphery and Centre in the Years before 1925

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780198730699
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741753 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0003
The Rise of Provincial Fascism: Periphery and Centre in the Years before 1925

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The chapter stresses the provincial origins of the fascist movement and underlines the degree to which the first Fascism was made up of a constellation of local initiatives, often with little contact between them. The unifying element was the reaction against central government in Rome, thus reflecting the strong centrifugal thrust of the movement. The chapter examines the ways in which local strongholds were established by fascist leaders (the intransigent ras) — leaders often more concerned with their own personal positions of provincial power than with the establishment of a strong central government — and discusses the tensions between centre and periphery which become evident with the murder of Matteotti in 1924.

Keywords: provincial Fascism; Ras; centrifugal forces; intransigents; personal power; centre; periphery

Chapter.  15585 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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