Chapter

Party and State

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780198730699
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741753 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0005
Party and State

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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The chapter analyses the structure of power in the provinces, following the establishment of the regime in 1925. It charts the reorganisation of local administration under the podestà (the fascist mayor), the role of the fascist party federations (PNF) under the local leader (the segretario federale), and the position of the prefect. Themes emerging from the chapter are those of the conflict between State and fascist party authorities at the local level, reflecting the reluctance of local fascists to recognise that they were no longer the dominant force in their locality, and the difficulties of exercising control from the centre. The chapter concludes with an examination of the quality of local fascist personnel available for office — generally very poor.

Keywords: fascist party; Italian State; podestà; segretario federale; prefect; centralisation; conflict of authority; poor personnel; fascist regime

Chapter.  13502 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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