Lessons from Germany’s <i>Energiewende</i>

Volkmar Lauber and Staffan Jacobsson

in The Triple Challenge for Europe

Published in print October 2015 | ISBN: 9780198747413
Published online November 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780191809750 | DOI:
Lessons from Germany’s Energiewende

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This chapter focuses on the German Energiewende which was designed as a long-term strategy in support of a transition to sustainability in energy supply. It was also a response to the challenge of globalization in that it aimed to improve Germany’s competitive position by stimulating the development of new capital goods industries and reducing fossil-fuel imports. Hence, Energiewende is a way to meet the triple challenge in the field of energy. During its first decades, it was successful in enabling the deployment of a range of new technologies, the formation of innovative capital goods industries, and securing public support. Since 2010, however, a reassessment by political elites has led to the slowdown and redesign of Energiewende. Lessons are drawn from the German experience of managing this strategy which demands the kind of long-term thinking, staying power, and public support discussed in this book as a prerequisite for effective governance.

Keywords: Energiewende; energy transition; renewable energy; electricity incumbents; nuclear phase-out; decarbonization

Chapter.  12798 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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