Military Institutions and Fiscal Growth

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9780199207503
Published online January 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191708848 | DOI:
 Military Institutions and Fiscal Growth

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This chapter analyses the development of military and fiscal institutions in England and the Netherlands. Their armies were composed of different mixtures of noble retinues, militias, garrison and artillery forces, mercenaries, auxiliaries, and standing companies; their navies likewise a blend of converted merchant ships and purpose-built warships. It was England that developed the more permanent navy in this period, the Netherlands the more permanent army. Their arsenals, navies, and logistics showed some signs of increasing bureaucracy. War drove on fiscal expansion and demesne revenues, taxation, coinage debasement, and borrowing were all exploited as rulers sought to construct a tax state. The process involved tense negotiation with their subjects in representative institutions, and rebellions and showed clear limits to the growth of state power.

Keywords: armies; artillery; bureaucracy; demesne revenues; logistics; mercenaries; navies; rebellions; taxation; tax state

Chapter.  9394 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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