This chapter discusses trends in environmentally damaging, environmentally neutral, and environmentally beneficial aid over the last two decades. It is shown that in a relatively short period of time, donors have substantially cut funding for development projects that damage the environment, while modestly increasing assistance for environmental protection/remediation, and steeply ramping up ‘do-no-harm’ projects that fall somewhere in between. Four types of environmental aid are examined to determine the causal mechanisms that purportedly drive aid allocation. The chapter discusses two issues of global concern: biodiversity loss and climate change. It then looks at aid for local environmental issues, which recipient governments often deem the most critical: land use and desertification. Finally, patterns in aid for water and sanitation projects are considered.
Keywords: environmental aid; biodiversity; climate change; aid allocation; land use; desertification; water; sanitation
Chapter. 13904 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Economic Development and Growth
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