Chapter

Captives

Ida Östenberg

in Staging the World

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780199215973
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191706851 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215973.003.0003

Series: Oxford Studies in Ancient Culture & Representation

Captives

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This chapter focuses on human captives, who formed a key element in the Roman triumphal procession. Central among all displays was the enemy leader, who was staged in close visual interplay with the Roman triumphator. Kings were the most treasured, as were royal relatives, especially children and wives. The chapter also discusses aspects of ethnicity, gender, and the display of marked outsiders — Amazons and pirates. Finally, the post-processional fate of the captives is analysed, and it is argued that their execution was far from compulsory. The chapter also shows that hostages were paraded as exclusive, prominent, and royal subjects. In addition, animals and trees are discussed: both categories that were treated much like human captives.

Keywords: kings; royal family; triumphator; execution; ethnicity; gender; animals; trees

Chapter.  30420 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Classical History

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