Chapter

Commemoration in Early Medieval England

Nigel Saul

in English Church Monuments in the Middle Ages

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780199215980
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191710001 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215980.003.0002
 Commemoration in Early Medieval England

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This chapter argues that the origins of sepulchral commemoration in England are to be found in early Anglo-Saxon England, in particular in the highly literate communities of the Northumbrian monasteries. It is suggested that in some parts of England sepulchral grave markers, notably simple cross slabs, were already being produced in industrial quantities as early as the 9th century. A turning point in the history of commemoration is identified in the 12th century when, under continental influence, effigial monuments were introduced. The earliest patrons of these monuments were senior ecclesiastics with knowledge of continental taste.

Keywords: grave markers; cross slabs; effigial monuments; Anglo-Saxon England; Northumbrian monasteries

Chapter.  9599 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Religion

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