Chapter

Military Effigies

Nigel Saul

in English Church Monuments in the Middle Ages

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780199215980
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191710001 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215980.003.0009
 Military Effigies

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Knightly monuments appeared in the early 13th century, a generation or two after those of the bishops and senior clergy. The chapter argues that contrary to what has often been supposed, a range of chivalric reference is found on the tomb monuments of leading knightly captains of the late Middle Ages, particularly those of the 14th century. The armorials on such monuments sometimes honoured companionships forged on the campaign trail, in some cases even the relationship of brotherhood in arms. By the end of the Middle Ages, knightly effigies were commissioned by manorial lords with no military experience, many of them esquires, simply as a mark of their proprietorial status.

Keywords: knights; chivalric; lordsm; status; esquires

Chapter.  15993 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Religion

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