Chapter

Enduring Conflicts and Elusive Consensus

Jack Hayward

in Fragmented France

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780199216314
Published online May 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191712265 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.003.0005
 Enduring Conflicts and Elusive Consensus

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The contrast between an urbanizing and industrializing society and an enduring peasant and artisan population is emphasized, while the business-political elite networks achieved maximum power by the late 19th century. The clerical-anti-clerical struggle for control of education results in the victory of secularism. Committed historians shaped the dominant political culture, although writers (Chateaubriand, Balzac, Stendhal, Lamartine, Baudelaire, Hugo) and artists (Delacroix, Daumier, Courbet) were influential.

Keywords: peasant; artisan; businessmen; anti-clerical; historians; writers; artists

Chapter.  14442 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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