Chapter

Institutional Immobilism, Ideological Ferment, and Reluctant Socio-Economic Modernization

Jack Hayward

in Fragmented France

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780199216314
Published online May 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191712265 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.003.0008
 Institutional Immobilism, Ideological Ferment, and Reluctant Socio-Economic Modernization

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The slow motion retreat from peasant and artisan ruralism underpinned an institutional immobilism mastered by a new professional political class of meritocratic barristers and businessmen. Politicized industrial relations and prominence of anarcho-syndicalist militancy in the weak trade unions led to general strikes becoming a mobilizing myth. Anticlericalism pursued the separation of Church and State, while anti-Semitism exploded in the Dreyfus Affair.

Keywords: ruralism; immobilism; political class; trade unions; anarcho-syndicalism; anticlericalism; anti-Semitism

Chapter.  18175 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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