After the Return

Andrew Lintott

in Cicero as Evidence

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780199216444
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191712180 | DOI:
After the Return

Show Summary Details


This chapter focuses on Cicero's correspondence and speeches following his return to Rome. These cover the defence of property, friends, and optimates. It then discusses the pro Sestio, which marked the close of an enormous parenthesis in Cicero's career. In December 60 he had decided to hold to his traditional line of optimate politics in spite of an invitation to join Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus. Refusal of the invitation led to exposure to Clodius, exile, guilt, recovery of status, and a desperate attempt to expunge guilt by apologia and assertion of impeccable optimate credentials. This reached a climax in pro Sestio. It led nowhere, and Cicero found his debt to Pompey in particular requiring him to abandon the ‘good men’.

Keywords: correspondence; Ciceronian speeches; defence; pro Sestio; Pompey; Crassus

Chapter.  15043 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.