Chapter

Answering the Republic's Call

Andrew Lintott

in Cicero as Evidence

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780199216444
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191712180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216444.003.0019
Answering the Republic's Call

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This chapter begins with a discussion of Cicero's speech that he termed as his Philippics. The first part of this speech is a defence of his departure and return, portraying it as a response to Antonius' own behaviour: he had been waiting and hoping for the res publica to return at long last to the authority of the senate. The second half of the speech is couched as a proposal, but rapidly becomes a denunciation of both the contents and the methods of Antonius' recent legislative activity and of the cooperation of the presiding consul Dolabella in this. On 19 September, Antonius delivered a counterattack in the senate, in which he claimed that Cicero had been behind the plot to kill Caesar. Cicero composed an answer to Antonius, which embodied the most powerful invective of his that survives — the Second Philippic. The last surviving letters to Atticus and the period of remaining Philippics are discussed.

Keywords: Antonius; Ciceronian speeches; Philippics; Second Philippics; Dolabella

Chapter.  17512 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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