Chapter

Needs, Facts, Goodness, and Truth

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780199217144
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191712418 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0011
 Needs, Facts, Goodness, and Truth

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This chapter examines the important distinction between practical and theoretical reason and rationality. As a consequence, a modification is made to the version of externalism regarding reasons for action advocated elsewhere in the book. It is contended that the sorts of items that properly qualify as reasons for actions, externalistically conceived, must differ fundamentally from those that properly qualify as reasons for belief, and that these items are needs rather than facts. It is also argued that this ontological difference between reasons for action and reasons for belief goes hand-in-hand with equally fundamental differences between the logic of action and the logic of belief.

Keywords: logic of action; logic of belief; reasons for action; reasons for belief

Chapter.  6194 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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