Chapter

The Problem of Natural Theology

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199217168
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191712401 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0001
The Problem of Natural Theology

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This chapter introduces the concept of natural signs of God, understood as broadly accessible objects or experiences that naturally point to God. These signs lie at the core of classical theistic arguments. The author argues that, while the arguments of natural theology carry the danger of motivating only thin theism and establish very little about the actual character of God, they are still useful in important ways. The author then argues that, if the God of the Abrahamic faiths existed, such a God would employ both the Wide Accessibility and Easy Resistibility principles, which in turn makes the “natural‐sign” approach to knowledge of God plausible. In conclusion, the author briefly discusses Hume's response to the Design argument and Kant's response to the teleological argument in order to illustrate his point that even those who find these arguments ultimately unconvincing as proofs often recognize the force of the natural signs.

Keywords: natural theology; reformed epistemology; evidentialism; teleological; cosmological; wide accessibility; easy resistibility; apologetics

Chapter.  9933 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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