Barry S. Godfrey, David J. Cox and Stephen D. Farrall

in Criminal Lives

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780199217205
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191696046 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Studies in Criminology


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This work focuses on discussions around the habitual offender that surfaced around the last quarter of the nineteenth-century, as these helped create and modify views on how to treat criminals and the construction of the legal framework by which they were dealt with, both of which aspects are reflected in the crime statistics of Crewe. When fears of social and political revolution had subsided from the turbulent early decades of the century, and the ‘war on crime’ was well underway, there still appeared to be a small, predominantly urban group of persistent offenders who bucked the trend, and who seemed unaffected by increased surveillance, harsher penal policies, and the general rise in standards of living. Within a generally respectable working class, lay a smaller ‘residuum’, who were confined to poor housing, poor education, the workhouse and ultimately the prison.

Keywords: Crewe; persistent offenders; housing; working class

Chapter.  3851 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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