Chapter

Of Friends and Foes in the Fight Against Terrorism: NATO and the Politics of Norm Promotion in the Twenty‐First Century

Alexandra Gheciu

in Securing Civilization?

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780199217229
Published online September 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191712449 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217229.003.0003
Of Friends and Foes in the Fight Against Terrorism: NATO and the Politics of Norm Promotion in the Twenty‐First Century

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Over the past few years, the challenge for NATO has been to transform itself into a highly flexible and complex institution, designed to manage a plurality of complex risks, especially the risk of terrorist attacks. Although NATO remains an institution that is significantly different from the EU, in response to significant changes in the field of security, the alliance has adopted a similar approach to risk-management, combining inclusive and exclusivist security practices. This chapter examines some notable examples of such practices, ranging from efforts to expand the security community via the diffusion of liberal norms in partner states, to attempts to control and exclude terrorists from the allied territory via operations such as Operation Active Endeavour in the Mediterranean. In addition, this chapter analyses NATO's most important current mission — ISAF in Afghanistan — and argues that this, too, reveals a combination of practices of inclusion and exclusion. This chapter also shows that, as in the case of the EU, practices enacted in the name of combating terrorism have contributed to a redefinition of modes of governance in the Euro-Atlantic area, especially by blurring the boundaries between the public–private spheres.

Keywords: ISAF; NATO; risk-management; security community; terrorism

Chapter.  15550 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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