Chapter

Farmland and fenland

D. W. Yalden and U. Albarella

in The History of British Birds

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199217519
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191712296 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217519.003.0005
 Farmland and fenland

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The period between the arrival of Neolithic farmers, around 5,500 years ago through the Bronze and Iron Ages, saw farming and farming landscapes well established in the British Isles. The earliest and best Neolithic bird faunas come, surprisingly, from Orkney (Isbister, Knap of Howar, etc.), where seabirds including great and little auk, as well as fulmar, are well represented. White-tailed eagles were also common. Some of the best Bronze and Iron Age sites are in fenlands, including the classic sites of Glastonbury and Meare lake villages. White-tailed eagles were here, too, with such less likely species as crane and dalmatian pelican. The mute swan, sometimes thought to be a Roman or Norman import, is common at such sites, and was clearly native.

Keywords: Neolithic; Iron Age; Glastonbury; Isbister; white-tailed eagle; pelican; mute swan

Chapter.  9007 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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