Chapter

Jewish Animal Sacrifice in the Period 100 <span class="smallCaps">bc</span>–<span class="smallCaps">ad</span> 200

Maria‐Zoe Petropoulou

in Animal Sacrifice in Ancient Greek Religion, Judaism, and Christianity, 100 BC to AD 200

Published in print March 2008 | ISBN: 9780199218547
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191711503 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218547.003.0004

Series: Oxford Classical Monographs

Jewish Animal Sacrifice in the Period 100 bc–ad 200

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The chapter discusses animal sacrifice in the Jerusalem Temple based on sources from the late Second Temple period, that is Philo and Josephus, and of the Mishnah. Animal sacrifice shaped Philo's intellectual system to a great extent, while his work — full of sacrificial allegories — might echo Diaspora Jews (of an unknown proportion) who respected the practical aspect of Jewish animal sacrifice without feeling at odds with an allegorical interpretation of it. On the basis of the work of Josephus and the mishnaic rules, one can acquire glances at issues like the ritual rhythm at the Temple, its relation to the Romans, the blurred boundaries between secular and religious slaughter, the variety of non-Biblical rules about modes of slaughter, and the co-existence with Gentiles, but also the aspirations after AD 70.

Keywords: allegorical; allegory; animal sacrifice; Diaspora; Gentiles; Jerusalem; Josephus; Judaism; Mishnah; Philo

Chapter.  33298 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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