Chapter

The End of an Era

Trevor Bryce

in The World of The Neo-Hittite Kingdoms

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199218721
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739101 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218721.003.0002
The End of an Era

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The chapter begins with a reconstruction of events surrounding the evacuation of the Hittite capital Hattusa by its elite population, including the royal family, and proceeds to a discussion of the circumstances which led to the collapse of the empire. It discusses the complex mix of peoples who were the inhabitants of the empire at the time of its collapse, and the wide range of languages which they spoke. The Luwian language, most visibly represented in hieroglyphs on large monuments, is a particular focus of attention, since it became the language used by Hittite royalty in its public declarations, and was henceforth the language of royalty in the Neo-Hittite kingdoms. The reasons for its prominence in both eras are discussed in some detail.

Keywords: Hattusa; evacuation of capital; population mix; Luwian language; monumental hieroglyphic inscriptions; Neo-Hittite kingdoms

Chapter.  11134 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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