Chapter

Absorption by Assyria (8th century)

Trevor Bryce

in The World of The Neo-Hittite Kingdoms

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199218721
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739101 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218721.003.0013
Absorption by Assyria (8th century)

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This chapter witnesses the reduction of the Neo-Hittite kingdoms, along with many other cities and states west of the Euphrates, from sometime tributaries of the Assyrians to mere provincial components of the Assyrian empire. The progression is, however, by no means a smooth one. It is interrupted by the intervention of other powers to challenge Assyrian supremacy, notably Urartu in the east and towards the end of the century Phrygia in the west. Assyrian supremacy west of the Euphrates is also challenged by local centres of resistance, notably the Aramaean kingdom of Arpad (Bit-Agusi) in north-central Syria. But Assyria ultimately prevailed. Its provincialization of the west, including the Neo-Hittite kingdoms, was made a certainty by the two most powerful rulers of the second half of the century, Tiglath-pileser III (745-727) and Sargon II (721-705). By the end of Sargon’s reign, all the Neo-Hittite kingdoms had been absorbed into the Assyrian provincial administration.

Keywords: provincialization; Assyrian empire; Urartu; Phrygia; Arpad; Tiglath-pileser III; Sargon II

Chapter.  17348 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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